• P and I Club

    Mutual association which provides insurance for third party liability to Shipowners and operators.

  • Packing List

    List of packages for each shipment, showing individual breakdown in weights/measure and quantity.

  • Pallet

    A standard size wooden platform with or without sides, on which packages or pieces can be loaded to facilitate handling. In Europe, the standard size is 1,200 mm / 1,000 mm.

  • Paramount Clause

    Clause of the Bill of Lading which stipulates that contract of carriage is governed by Hague-Visby Rules even if the Rules do not apply at Port of Loading or Port of Discharge.

  • Partial loss

    Loss affecting only a part of the cargo.

  • Partial Shipment

    Under letters of credit one or more shipments are allowed by the phrase "partial shipments permitted".

  • Partlow Chart

    A chart that indicates the temperature reading in a reefer container.

  • Payable Elsewhere

    Special service to shipper or consignee to receive freight and charges at a location and from a designated party as specified by shipper and/or consignee, i.e. freight and charges are neither received at loading end (prepaid) nor discharging end (collect).

  • Payload

    The revenue-producing part of the cargo.

  • Peak Season Surcharge (PSS)

    "Charge applicable for the duration of a typical Peak Season". Please click here for more information.

  • Perils of the Sea

    Causes of loss for which the carrier is not legally liable. The elemental risks of ocean transport.

  • Perishable goods

    Goods subjected to decay or deterioration.

  • Pier

    A structure built away from land and extending some distance over water, used for landing, loading and unloading ships. Also known as a pier or a wharf.

  • Piggyback

    The transportation of motorway trailers or demountable trailer bodies on especially equipped railcars.

  • Pilferage

    Cargo stolen from its place of storage, be it container, warehouse or Terminal.

  • Pilot

    Person whose job is to steer ships, particularly along a coast or into and out of a Harbour.

  • Place of Receipt (POR)

    Starting point of carrier’s liability where cargo is received from shipper and under carrier’s custody for transportation to final destination.

  • Plimsoll Mark

    Depth to which a vessel may safely load. Identified by a circle on the vessel’s side with a vertical line through and a number of small horizontal lines showing the max depth for summer and winter.

  • Port

    Natural or artificial shelter, receiving ships and allowing them to stay, to load and discharge Goods securely.

  • Port of Arrival

    Place where imported merchandise is off loaded from the importing ship.

  • Port of Call

    Stop in a port where a ship discharges or receives Goods.

  • Port of Discharge (POD)

    Port where cargo is unloaded from ship.

  • Port of Entry

    Port where customs formalities are accomplished.

  • Port of Loading (POL)

    Port where cargo is loaded to ship.

  • Post-Carriage

    Freight charges for delivery of the goods arising after the principal international carriage.

  • Power Pack

    "An electricity power source for multiple reefer boxes." Please click here for more information.

  • Pre-Carriage

    Freight charges for port delivery of the goods arising before the principal international carriage.

  • Pre-cooling

    "A separate operation, prior to storage or transportation that requires special equipment or cooling facilities." Please click here for more information.

  • Procurement

    All of the processes involved in requesting, ordering, auditing, and paying for goods and services.

  • Pro-forma Invoice

    A specimen invoice, requested by the buyer for the purpose of applying for such things as an import license, or foreign exchange allocation prior to the sale.

  • Purchase Order

    Common grouping of orders for goods/services to facilitate distribution at the other end.

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The information contained in this glossary is for general information only. The information is made available to CMA CGM’s clients and for internal use. Whilst CMA CGM endeavours to keep the information correct, the company makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability of the terms of this glossary, including, but not limited to, the definitions and interpretations. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk.
In no event shall CMA CGM and its agencies or employees be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, direct, indirect or consequential loss or damage, of whatsoever nature arising from or in connection with the use of this glossary. The inclusion of any links does not necessarily imply a recommendation or endorsement of the views expressed therein.